Locality - Madagascar
Size – 67 x 36 x 27mm
Weight – 125g
This Madagascan fluorite standing freeform displays vivid, semi-translucent jelly green colour with a nicely rounded, plump form and a shiny finishing polish. There are a couple of unusual brown 'tooth-shaped' inclusions in its side.
Fluorite is the mineral form of calcium fluoride and a member of the halides group, commonly found in hydrothermal and carbonate rocks. It is a visually impressive mineral, occurring in virtually every colour of the spectrum, as it is often tinted with various elemental impurities; because of this unique ability, fluorite has been dubbed 'the most colourful mineral in the world'. In addition, many specimens show vivid blue to white fluorescence under ultraviolet light, caused by its impurities or organic matter in the crystal lattice. Crystals are commonly found in cubic form, though some rarely display octahedral or dodecahedral formation. It has four directions of perfect cleavage, often breaking into octahedron pieces upon impact. Fluorite is incredibly popular with mineral collectors and occurs in many localities throughout the world, with Weardale, England producing some of the finest specimens available today.
Fluorite in History
The name 'fluorite' derives from the Latin noun 'fluo', meaning 'to flow', in reference to its extensive use as a flux in the production of metal. In 1852, George Gabriel Stokes discovered that many specimens of fluorite produce a blue glow when illuminated with ultraviolet light, which he described as being 'beyond the violet end of the spectrum'. This phenomenon was named 'fluorescence' after the mineral in which it was first discovered, a word which we use in many fields today.